Erbakan, Necmettin

(1926- )
   Necmetttin Erbakan, a member of the Naqshbandi sufi order, has been the leader of various Islamist parties in Turkey since 1970. His Islamist ideology is called Milli Gorus (National View). In July 1996, he finally became secular Turkey's first Islamist prime minister in a coalition with Tansu Ciller's Dogru Yol Partisi (DYP), or True Path Party.
   Before becoming prime minister, Erbakan had declared that he would replace the Turkish-Kurdish conflict with Islamic unity, a position that harkened back to the days of the Ottoman Empire. Despite considerable Kurdish electoral support from the southeast, however, Erbakan was unable to make any headway on the Kurdish issue. During an official state visit to Libya in October 1996, Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi greatly embarrassed Erbakan by telling him that Turkey's Kurds should have independence.
   Erbakan proved unable to reorient Turkish politics because of military and secular opposition. The Turkish military forced him to resign in June 1997 and banned him and his Refah Party in January 1998. He was also convicted of embezzling funds from his party and placed under house arrest. However, Erbakan continued to exercise influence behind the scenes. Early in 2003, the ban was lifted against him, but by this time it appeared that the rise to power of the much milder AK Partisi (AKP), with roots in Islamist politics and its new leaders Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Abdullah Gul, as well as Erbakan's age, would prevent him from returning to power. In 2009, Erbakan became the titular leader of the Saadet Partisi, or Felicity Party, a conservative Islamist Party that had been created in 2001 after earlier Islamist parties had been banned. Given the popularity of the AK Party, however, the Felicity Party has had little success in Turkish politics.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Erbakan, Necmettin — born с 1926, Sinop, Tur. First leader of an Islamic political party to win a general election in Turkey (1995). Son of an Ottoman era religious court judge, he studied mechanical engineering before being elected to the National Assembly in 1969.… …   Universalium

  • Erbakan, Necmettin — (n. 1926, Sinop, Turquía). Primer líder de un partido político islámico en ganar una elección general en Turquía (1995). Hijo de un juez de un tribunal religioso de la era otomana, estudió ingeniería mecánica antes de ser elegido integrante de la …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Necmettin Erbakan — (* 29. Oktober 1926 in Sinop; † 27. Februar 2011 in Ankara[1]) war ein türkischer Politiker. Er war mehrfach stellvertretender Ministerpräsident und vom 28. Juni 1996 bis zu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Necmettin Erbakan — Prime Minister of Turkey In office June 28, 1996 – June 30, 1997 Preceded by Mesut Yılmaz …   Wikipedia

  • Neçmettin Erbakan — Necmettin Erbakan Necmettin Erbakan (* 29. Oktober 1926 in Sinop) ist ein türkischer Politiker. Er war mehrfach stellvertretender Ministerpräsident und vom 28. Juni 1996 bis zum 30. Juni 1997 Ministerpräsident der Türkei. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Necmettin Erbakan — Necmettin Erbakan, né le 29 octobre 1926 à Sinop et mort le 27 février 2011[1], est un homme politique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Necmettin Erbakan — Necmettin Erbakan. Necmettin Erbakan (1926, Sinop 2011, Ankara) fue el primer líder de un partido político islámico en ganar unas elecciones generales en Turquía (1995). Hijo de un juez de tribunal religioso en la era otomana, estudió ingeniería… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Erbakan — Erbakan,   Necmettɪn, türkischer Politiker, * Sinop 1926; lebte 1951 54 in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (u. a. Promotion an der TU Aachen), lehrte 1954 66 an der TU Istanbul; wurde 1969 als Unabhängiger erstmals ins Parlament gewählt. 1970… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Necmettin — ist ein in der Türkei vorkommender männlicher Vorname,[1] abgeleitet von dem arabischen Vornamen Najm al Din. Bekannte Namensträger Necmettin Erbakan (1926–2011), türkischer Politiker Necmettin Karaduman (* 1927), türkischer Politiker Necmettin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Necmettin — is the Turkish version of the Muslim name Najm al Din. It may refer to: Necmettin Erbakan (born 1926), Turkish Prime Minister Necmettin Imac (born 1987), Dutch footballer Necmettin Sadak (1890 – 1953), Turkish politician This page or section… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.